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The Role of IRE1 Signaling in the Central Nervous System Diseases

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Haibo Ni, Qin Rui, Di Li*, Rong Gao and Gang Chen   Pages 1340 - 1347 ( 8 )

Abstract:


The accumulation of misfolded or unfolded proteins in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen results in the activation of an adaptive stress process called the unfolded protein response (UPR). As the most conserved signaling branch of the UPR, Inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) possesses both Ser/Thr kinase and RNase activities operating as major stress sensors, mediating both adaptive and pro-apoptotic pathways under ER stress. Over the last three decades, a mounting body of evidence has shown that IRE1 signaling dysfunction is involved in the pathology of various neurological disorders. Targeting this pathway has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy against these diseases. In this review, we provide a general overview about the expression and physiological function of IRE1 signaling and its pathophysiological roles in the central nervous system diseases.

Keywords:

Inositol-requiring enzyme 1, X box-binding protein 1, diseases, central nervous system, Alzheimer`s disease, Parkinson`s disease, ischemic stroke.

Affiliation:

Department of Neurosurgery, The First People`s Hospital of Zhangjiagang City, Suzhou, Jiangsu, Department of Laboratory, The First People`s Hospital of Zhangjiagang City, Suzhou, Jiangsu, Department of Translational Medicine Center, The First People`s Hospital of Zhangjiagang City, Suzhou, Jiangsu, Department of Neurosurgery, The First People`s Hospital of Zhangjiagang City, Suzhou, Jiangsu, Department of Neurosurgery & Brain and Nerve Research Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu

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